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Medical Education in India

Medical Science in India provides remedies, cures and safeguards man against various diseases. Different countries have different systems of medicine. Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Acupuncture, Acupressure etc. are becoming popular today.

Becoming a doctor is a childhood dream for many. Perhaps, there is no other career which commands such a respect and awe as medicine. The power to heal has placed the medical profession several rungs above all others. A doctor’s profession involves a lot of hard work with a good degree of dedication and at the same time, it also brings with it the satisfaction of having cured people suffering from illness, disease and trauma.

A simple degree in medicine is however not enough for making a successful and a satisfactory career. One needs to do specialization in any of the branches of medicine or surgery to become a specialist of certain kind e.g. Pediatrics, Ophthalmology, Gynecology, Surgery, Neurosurgery, Neonatology etc. A doctor may also have to acquire certain computers & IT skills, which are necessary to operate and use sophisticated medical equipments, which not only help in exact diagnosis of an ailing patient but also provide options to use non-invasive methods of treatment.

Medical education at degree level or postgraduate or PG level in Medicine is either classified into Medicine or Dental. Medical Education in India can be bifurcated into two categories - Clinical and Pre-clinical. Clinical studies consists of the basic sciences such as Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology whereas the pre-clinical studies involves teaching in the diverse fields of clinical medicine such as internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Psychiatry, and Surgery.

The advancement in medical sciences has enhanced our longevity and decreased mortality rates dramatically. However, industrialization and technological advancement has adversely affected our environment and lifestyles that has manifested in new types of diseases and ailments, which poses a challenge to the medical fraternity.

The demand for medical professionals for treatment as well as research work is ever increasing both within India and abroad. The ongoing liberalization of economy is expected to bring in better opportunities for medical professionals in terms of remuneration, research and working facilities.


The following is a list of the top Medical Colleges in India.

1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
2. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
3. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
4. JIPMER, Puducherry
5. Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
6. Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
7. Madras Medical College, Chennai
8. Grant Medical College, Mumbai
9. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
10. Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
11. University College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), New Delhi
12. King George Medical College - Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow